Sunday, March 8, 2020
Conflict in Burma/Myanmar Violence in Burma has existed since approximately April 1948. This conflict has been between the Burmese government and various ethnic groups in Burma. Although recently, there has been conflict against the military regime which has been ruling Burma since 1962. This conflict is the oldest ongoing war in the world, and it has therefore received international attention. This is because of the 8888 Uprising in 1988, the work of activist Aung San Suu Kyi and anti-government protests that occurred in late 2007.Burma is involved in a non-international armed conflict involving a variety of rebellious groups, including militia forces operating predominantly along ethnic lines. The Burma army, known as tatmadaw, has been waging counter-insurgency campaigns against the Karen National Union (KNU), who support human rights and democracy, and its armed wing (the Karen National Liberation Army, KNLA) for nearly 60 years, as well as against the Shan State Army and Karenni ethnic rebel groups.Monks Protesting in Burma
Friday, February 21, 2020
Rewrite - Essay Example The brand name is developed from the words architecture and Cymru, which is Wales in Welsh. This brand name will help us expand within the local Welsh market, which enhances the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to become a premier Welsh firm. We wish to take advantage of the increased investment in WalesÃ¢â¬â¢ construction sector by seeking for funds through our brand name. Although the brand name seeks to establish our company in the local market, our wider objective is to become a major firm in Europe with the capacity of executing major architectural projects within the continent and the rest of the world. Within the first three to five years of our operations, the company will operate as a private limited company with each shareholder having equal rights. Thereafter, the company will liquidity or offer some of the shares to the public through an initial public offering with the company becoming a public limited company although this objective is based on the long-term achievements of company and its success as reassessed in the long-run. Through various milestones in infrastructural designs, WalesÃ¢â¬â¢s construction industry plays an important role in the development and growth of the local economy while considering various environmental and societal issues. Economical estimates indicate that the industry contributes about 10% to the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Each year, estimated investments in the sector are likely to be about Ã £2.3 billion with the industry experiencing high competition, as there are around 12,000 construction firms in the sector. Despite the stiff competition, the industry experiences a wide range of specializations. Concerning the labor force benefiting from the industry, industrial estimates indicate that over 100,000 workers are employed by the industry and they range from various construction professions such as architecture, builders, engineers, surveyors, maintenance groups, and other companies that restore and
Wednesday, February 5, 2020
Leadership Assessment #3Group - Essay Example Such a model was a response to the chronic shortage of registered nurses as it basically removes the umbrella of license differentiation which basically enables other nursing related professionals to take duties and responsibilities that was usually confined to Registered Nurses. Several concerns arise from the primary care to team care shift especially the conflict between license types. Tensions among them could arise due to the different way they care for patients. Putting people under one roof and making them follow the lead RN's style can be counterproductive as it can result to job dissatisfaction leading to physical and psychological withdrawal from the job. The Five South Transitional Care Center employs a care delivery system consisting of Registered Nurses, LPNs and CNAs. I belong to a team of 5 nursing staff headed by a preceptor nurse. Under the supervision preceptor nurse, we can initiate treatments or perform interventions ourselves. The nursing staff can basically assume a Registered Nurse's dependent and independent functions. The former are those that must be carried out under the orders of a licensed physician or dentist, including such duties as administering medications and changing dressings on wounds. Independent functions are those that nurses carry out based on their own professional judgment. Such duties include bathing patients, positioning them to prevent joint contractures, teaching people how best to care for themselves, and providing nutritional counseling. Supervision is necessary for the dependent part while there is much greater degree of freedom for the independent function. The team nursing model was a recent innovation of St. Mark's Hospital management in 2003 to comply with its goal of quality improvement. The Hospital aims at enhancing services and delivers excellent patient care through a Performance Improvement system. Under this program, every employee is encouraged to utilize their acquired knowledge and skills for the improvement of work processes so that excellent patient and health outcomes are achieved. It was also a measure, to a limited extent, to address the limited supply of Registered Nurses which I have already mentioned before. All of us, the preceptor nurse and my co-nursing staff, agree that the team nursing model is very effective because of the various positive feedbacks that we receive from the patients that we handled. These feedbacks were gathered by Patient surveys on discharged patients. The patients expressed their joy on how receptive and how rapid the nurses were on their concerns. This was due to the relatively low patient to nurse attendant ratio of 4 is to 1. It is not uncommon to find our station with flowers, cakes and cards sent by discharged patients. With regards to staff satisfaction, all of us have become friends because of the openness and the removal of license discrimination. Many of us are very glad of the learning opportunities that would have not been available to us if we were limited in what we can do. The only major concern is not on the model itself but on the attitude of some co-nursing staff to come late at work thereby delaying our much awaited rest period. Nursing models are evaluated primarily in patient outcomes and staff satisfaction. Generally, when positive feedbacks
Tuesday, January 28, 2020
Economic Impacts of transnational corporations on industrialised countries Identify and comment on the economic and environmental impacts of transnational corporations on newly industrialized countries you have studied. Introduction The object of this report is to assess the economic environmental impacts of the transnational corporations (TNC) on the newly industrialized countries (NICs) such as India, China, Thailand, Mexico, Philippine, Malaysia, Turkey, South Africa and Brazil Since the mid of 1980s, the economic strategies of NICs include Singapore, Malayasia Thailand have shown a amazing degree of meeting in one impact-driven growth strategies. They rely essential on transnational corporations (TNCs). While achieving this type of strategic economic growth the newly industrialized countries have been dun economical environmental both positive and negative impacts from the transnational corporations. Under below arias the report describes how TNCs impact to the NICs. The mainly focused arias are Investment, Technology, Transport, Employment, Urbanization, Environment-Safety, Furthermore the report assess TNSc overall impact to the Environment as well as to the economy of NICs. What are TNCs? Trans National Corporations (TNCs) are companies which operate in at least 2 countries. Its organization is very hierarchical with the headquarters as well as research development often located in the mother country. Production centers tend to be host countries. When organization becomes more worldwide regional headquarters and regional research development will widen in the manufacturing countries. This gives TNCs many advantages, such as right of entry to the global market, cheap labor, low production costs, consequently greater profits. The headquarters of these remains in its mother country, most of the time lots of them are developed nations in the world, like USA UK. Their established factories allover the world, which either produces entire finished Goods or parts, for the company to sell on the global market. Among all the TNCs in the world, Most of them are oil companies such as Exxon (Esso) BP, car manufacturing companies (for instance Toyota, Ford, Nissan and Volkswagen). Other familiar companies like IBM, Sony Coca-Cola are also can defined as being TNCs. Trance National Corporations are established globally for their advantages, to earn more profits. They bring with them both positive and negative impacts for the country which host to TNCs. Top 10 TNCs in 2009 TNCs manufacturing high-tech Scientific instructions, pharmaceuticals microelectronics, (Mitsubishi, Smithkleine, Glaxo- Sony) Large volume of consumer goods Tyres, Motor vehicles, televisions other electronic products (Toyota, Daimler, Ford, Volkswagen, General Motors) 3) Mass produced consumer goods cigarettes, beverages, breakfast cereals, cosmetics branded goods (Mars, Uniliever, Nestle, Kraft foods) 4) Service Banking/ insurance, hotel chains, freight transport, advertising, fast food outlets (IN group, AXA, Citigroup, HSBC, Allianz, Dexia) TNCs organize manage economic activities in different regions develop trade inside between units of the similar corporation in different regions. It means most of the time control the terms of the trade can diminish the effect of quota boundaries on the movement of products, go around trade tariffs. What are NICs? Country that has within recent decades experienced a get through into rapid productivity growth, rapid export oriented economic growth, quick industrialization farther a high amount of investment and assets formation largely funded from local savings, and a high tendency to export, with end user durables and machinery accounting for a large share of exports. Superior examples are South Korea, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Singapore. These countries invest capital and production facilities in other developing countries like China, Vietnam, India, and some countries in South East Asia. Within 20th century lots of East Asia countries were industrialized such as South Koria, Taiwan, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Japan. These states are called as NICs (Newly Industrialized Countries). Further sometimes they are called as Tiger Economies because of the attractive growth rate of these regions. The governments of NICs controlled over industrial development motivated industries to export manufactured products to abrade such as more developed states. The exports profits were re-invested in the local economy. Local businesses did grow; wages rose workers did spend their new assets to buy domestic goods and services thus motivating further growth. This type of rotation, knock-on effect, in that money paid out from businesses is invested again inside the country, is often called the multiplier effect. NICs have been being succeeded for the last 30 years. That successfulness of these economies has contributed to the turn down of manufacturing industries in MEDCs like UK. Industries struggled to compete with the NICs competition, because their production cost and wages were very low. Characteristics of NICs Countries whorled market exporter share is increasing, they often copying existing products then reproducing for a much low price. Continues growth in the production sector that results for more exports continues increasing of GDP. Generally NICs Can be developed by three stagers, thats traditional society to a developed country society. Three stagers are explained below. The time frame of whole process can be minimum 30 years. Traditional society: There are more labors work under the industry, its labor oriented. Concentrating on small cottage-style traditional industries, concentrated on local raw materials. Instance could include food processing, textile manufacture Most of the time, lots of people are still work in the primary sector, doing things include farming. Using primary technologies most of the people have less money. Import the products what they want, that indicate county is not producing what they actually needed addicted to import products. Import substitution industries: The country does promote its own industries. Newly started companies imitate products from well known market giants and then produce them for low price. The government operates tariff barrios for the products are being imported trades that make similar products. The purpose of that is protecting their own domestic companies whilst they grow. Instance industries are computer manufacture, car manufacture, electronic goods and other electrical goods, like hi-fis. Export orientated industries: The new companies set up in their state they are allowed to run free upon the global market. Industries are being capital intensive, using high technology aimed at earning a big profit. The gross domestic product (GDP) of the country starts to increase, mostly growing at above 5% per One year that is a wonderful rate. Now the country has been being an NIC. How do TNCs affect to the NICs economy their environment? Investment: Advantages: The companies earn, invest, bring foreign currency into the country. Though most of their earnings come back to the companys country of host, all the remunerations do come to the local economy Disadvantages: The salaries paid to host country workers are very low and a lot of companies have been accused of exploiting the workforce before benefiting that. There are frequently tax incentives for such TNCs to establish in countries in the developing world. Due to the fact that they get lots of their profits out of the country that says the real economic benefit to the country could be limited. Technology: Advantages: TNCs help the development of the NICs by bringing in latest technology and new knowledge that the host country doesnt use. Disadvantages: If not the company does actively participate in the program to educate domestic companies in the latest technologies, the countrys industry wont actually benefit. TNCs are not going to share too much information. If the local industry competition will increase because of new knowledge TNCs have to compete even with the local companies. Transport: Advantages: The new TNCs mostly help to develop transport links around the company area. Disadvantages: Mostly serve only the direct roads, rails that needs of the company, not the surrounding area as well. Employment: Advantages: They do create job opportunities for the NICs domestic employees. Disadvantages: Most of the jobs opportunities are highly skilled so the company uses their own people to do the work Because of the technological environment of these companies. Remain less jobs opportunities. Urbanization: -launching a TNC in a city in NIC does encourage urbanization. Young migrant workers gather to the city. It influence to the rural communities their development Environment-Safety: Advantages: TNSc bring with them some environmental friendly technologies expertise to decrees harmful pollution establish a safe working environment. Disadvantages: a lot of TNCs have very bad history on environmental pollution workers safety. They have been complained of trying to cut both safety of working environment and environmental pollution in order to keep costs down. . Advantages to TNCs They have the capability to take benefits of spatial differences in factors of manufacture line. TNCs can utilize differences in the accessibility of labor, capital, and building or land costs. e.g. In 2002 Dyson did move its manufacture plant in Malmesbury, Wiltshire to Malayasia to take benefit of cheap labor. Dyson retained several hundred jobs of employees in Wiltshire for research and development (RD) saving of 30% of cost in production. They can position to take benefit of government policy barriers include, subsidies, lower taxes grants and less strict government lows on employment and environmental pollution. Overall impact to the Economic growth Development of NICs can be potentially promoted by transnational corporations through their activities that generate economic growth. Some evidence exists that the foreign exchange and foreign direct investment that TNCs provide can improve the performance of the economy of the NICs which they operate in. The process of economic growth is impacted by the TNCs influencing the transfer of soft hard technology, quality amount of capital formation, growth of trade opportunities the imprudent of labor. Further, Such as Taiwan, Province of China South Korea demonstrates that under some situations economic development can promote social development. For instance in Taiwan, enormous growth of economy has been combined with developed educational levels, the longer life spans, got good health conditions, advanced political liberalization, housing environment, superior civil liberties. Theoretically TNCs can uplift the development of the NICs society by fostering economic growth; practically this relationship exists for two reasons. Mainly, in the host countries it is not clear whether transnational corporations are really responsible for the growth of economy. In the most recent two notable cases related to economic transformation, Taiwan and South Korea, a negligible role was played by transnational corporations. Further, TNCs actually have the ability to prevent NICs local economic growth by running local entrepreneurs out of the business zone, along with the importing of main goods and services, reducing large amounts of the profits from their local NICs, and transferring royalties and fees to the main companies which are located away from the host economy. Secondly, even if the economy of the NIC is not developing, there is a tenuous relationship between social development and economic growth. Even though there is an global economic growth annually, it is yet hard to prevent the problems of poverty, unemployment, inequality in wealth, and such other issues of social malaise. For example In Cote dIvoire, from 1960 to 1975 the TNCs could have helped to foster aggregate the growth of the economy, they did only a very little to uplift the development of the society: increase in unemployment, income distribution expanded and nationals increasingly started losing the control over the industrial capacities of the country. In some, under some circumstances TNCs can act as the engines of growth of economy, the power of economy is very rarely harnessed to the achievement of development. Overall impact to the Environment Transnational corporations can have a negative impact through a demotion of resources in the environment to the social development. And over the past ten years such entities had been responsible for environmental disasters. For an example, Union Carbide in Bhopal, India, Exxons Valdez spill off Alaska, and Texaco To a group of environmental problems TNCs have been linked. Fifty percent of the green house emissions are generated by them, in which they are responsible for global warming. Furthermore they are also the users of ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and they are also producers of CFCs. Explaining further, transnational corporations are responsible for the pollution of land, air, wetlands, water and the oceans. Ultimately, through their mining activities and commercial logging, there is a contribution to deforestation by the TNC. For example in the mid-1980s, there was a control of 90per cent of the logging by the foreign corporations in Gabon and in Congo it was 77 per cent. As a result of such mining and logging negative effects such as flooding, loss of topsoil rapid run-off of rain have occurred; Farmers are economically not in a rich status to buy the land from forest owners and usually TNCs dont internalize such social costs. Hence such negative externalities cannot be p revented. The connection between TNCs the environment is massively complex even though transnational corporations can definitely obstruct social development through their environmental practices .But yet the Critics dont mention that consumption of environmental resources should be abstained by transnational corporations, instead they should promote sustainable growth and development via their activities. In the meantime there is a practice by the TNCs to follow demoted environmental standards in the developing countries with comparison to the developed countries; and it is found with evidence that environmental practices are very responsible in developing regions than in domestic firms functioning in such countries. Nevertheless, critics emphasize that, as a result of having better resources they have better access to RD, It is the liability of the TNCs to promote environmentally sustainable practices and they bare that responsibility. Some companies undergoing so much of pressure have start ed to follow more environmentally responsible policies. Example, a maligned polluter named Dow Chemical, had to establish one-and-a-half days each session with the environmentalists brief senior management quarterly. The salary of the manager was pegged to the goals of the environment, and a toxic release of 32 per cent between 1988 and 1991. Further some laudable environmental practices were also implemented by the IBM including rewards for the employees for technical innovations which helped to comply with the environmental standards. Finally 18 environmental awards were won by ATT since 1990. On the other hand, expect these three companies majority pillage to consume environmental resources from the countries that are developing and they consume these environmental resources in a destructive and unsuitable manner. practices that definitely hamper prospects for development. Some of the companies that involves in issues related to the environment are General Electric and DuPont, for example, Dupont was responsible for toxic chemical releases in 254 million pounds during the period of 1991 in the United States, and this has led to minimize such practices that destroys environment. e.g. Conclusion The report offers a basic understanding of the economic environmental impacts of the transnational corporations (TNC) on the newly industrialized countries (NICs) such as India, China, Thailand, Mexico, Philippine, Malaysia, Turkey, South Africa and Brazil. It presents and showing that state to some famous beliefs, TNCs investments helped the host stats in industrialization of the host states were given credits. An in detailed analysis is given on the variety of critical factors that TNCs concentrate on the investment decisions. Such as Investment, Technology, Transport, Employment, Urbanization, Environment-Safety and so forth. The report will be a useful source to be aware of how sustainable economic growth will achieve by reducing environmental pollutions saving environmental resources for potential needs. Further the NICs must reach their targets by focusing their concentrations towards TNCs their habits. Otherwise NICs will not be able go for their future goals through TNCs operations. NICs must be the strongest partner NICs need to be influence the TNCs by using their power. Then finally both NICs and TNCs can reach the goals together.
Monday, January 20, 2020
Graham Green's The Quiet American The Quiet American by Graham Green is a story set during the Vietnam War before the United States became involved. The main character is Thomas Fowler, an English Reporter stationed in Vietnam. The story follows approximately six months of his life where he is faced with personal, professional, and ethical trials. The story also follows closely, the lives of two close friends, Pyle and Phuong. Each of the three main characters are from a different country, and they were used to represent it. As the main character in the novel, Fowler possessed many complex levels to his psyche. He came across as a bitter, cold-hearted person but in actuality was probably the character that felt the most in the book. Like the typical Englishman, he kept his emotions to himself, and out of sight from others. He had his own stand points on religion and politics that he definitely stood by. In the war, England did not take sides, on account of their immense losses during WWII, and like them, Fowler did not take sides. Different people in the story felt that "One has to take sides. If one is to remain human" (174), but as an a European, especially an Englishman, he was for the most part, neutral. Americans were not very popular in GreeneÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, and Pyle was the hated American. He immediately assumed a close relationship with Fowler upon just one meeting. He became accustomed to calling him Thomas, and not only as a referential name, but in almost ...
Saturday, January 11, 2020
Colorado Technical University Online CJUS285-1302A-01 Juvenile Delinquency Phase 1- Individual Project Professor Grace Mickles Obaid Rahman April 15, 2013 There are many advantages of the taxpayer and the juveniles to split the juvenile courts into two sections because it will benefit taxpayer and juveniles by splitting into sections. By doing that status offenders will get more help and treat as a minor crime offender, which they donÃ¢â¬â¢t in a joint section.Status offenders are treated unfairly, and donÃ¢â¬â¢t get the punishment what they are committed too, there is a need for splitting a juvenile court into two sections. The advantages of splitting will help status offenders to be treated fairly according to their offences. Other advantage toward splitting courts will increase the ability of juvenile courts to punished young offenders, and this will benefit to taxpayers because the punishment will determined offenders and will reduced cases of young kids and help them to pay less for juveniles cases.Juvenile delinquent court and status offender court will benefits juveniles because it will make it possible for the juvenile courts to differentiate between major and minor crimes. The process will be more efficient and juveniles will get more proper response from specific courts. I think the higher court judges rule and appoint the judges who work for juvenile courts, who can handle all the juvenile cases and separated those cases by category and according to crime charges.JuvenileÃ¢â¬â¢s delinquency cases are those cases which juveniles violated a law or a serious crime which done by juveniles. In other hand the young offenders who charge with the offence but cannot be classified as criminal violation offence that can only be applied to children, which is why rehabilitation program is must for those kids who can turn back to their normal life. There should be a specific program for those parents who have or had their children in criminal activity, in or der to teach their kids right path and stop them to commit crime or break law.The percentage of Juvenile offenders who arrested first time in their life and never been arrested again are more higher then the juvenile who committed repeat crimes, means if the department can detain children first time and warn them, have more chances to keep them away from future crimes, rather then put them into jail and sentence them like adult will turns out into criminal in future.By splitting juvenile court into two sections will disadvantage in effectiveness of the two sections will depend on the implementation of the courts. It will also take taxpayers into financial problem and poor services. It will also increase the number of staff and the burden will be on taxpayers. It will also disadvantages to those offender who commit a serious crime, will be subjected more sphere courts then those who attend status offender courts.There are many advantages by comparing to disadvantages by splitting juv enile court will benefit to those young offender who commits minor crime and able to get back in their normal life with taking some detention or rehabilitation program. References Minor Crime Is a Major Ordeal (2007), retrieved from (http://criminal. findlaw. com/juvenile-justice/minor-crime-is-a-major-ordeal. html) Juvenile Court by Kathleen Michon, retrieved from (http://www. nolo. com/legal-encyclopedia/juvenile-court-overview-32222. html)
Friday, January 3, 2020
The Luftwaffe Needs Lessons from the Brits: An Investigation of HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s Defeat at the Battle of Britain By: Jake Pilla Global History II 11-28-07 In 1940, German planes flew over Britain in an attempt to take over the country and tear apart the enemyÃ¢â¬â¢s alliance. Britain was surprised by this attack, but countered by shooting down at least twenty planes of the Luftwaffe, the Nazi air force, during the initial attack. Hitler sent waves of planes into Britain every day, trying to lower British morale; however, he did not expect Allied forces to send supplies to England. United States and France sent planes to Britain, which were the most important factor of the Battle of Britain. British used the powerful Royal Air Force toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦After Poland and France were conquered they lost a percentage of their incoming supplies but, nevertheless, the United States sent even more. This allowed production of multiple planes and gave Britain more time to devise plans for a counter attack. The Royal Air Force had superior aircrafts, pilots, and training tactics, compared to the Luftwaffe. The war in Europe started in early September 1939. Germany, Adolf Hitler, took over Poland. Britain and France countered by declaring war on Germany but did not take action for many months. In 1940, Germany attacked its next target, Denmark, and Norway. Soon after they invaded and successfully took over Belgium, the Netherlands, and France. All of these nations were conquered because of the Blitzkrieg or lightning war, technique. In the summer of 1940, Germany took Britain head on, this time from the air. The Battle of Britain turned out to be HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s first military failure, as the Luftwaffe never could destroy the powerful Royal Air Force. Britain was slightly surprise by the attack, but was ready to fight in time. Germany tried to blockade Britain but the powerful Royal Navy sunk German battleships and submarines. If Hitler could have pulled off a blockade Ã¢â¬Å "Britain would have been at a huge disadvantage, because they import a huge majority of their supplies. Germany took to the air toShow MoreRelatedEssay on Why Britain Won the Battle of Britain4008 Words Ã |Ã 17 PagesWhy Britain Won the Battle of Britain After taking France in addition to his list of captured countries on mainland Europe, Adolf Hitler set his sights on Britain. After the success of Blitzkrieg, the evacuation of Dunkirk and the surrender of France, Britain was by herself. 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